Gastroscopy is conducted by inserting a narrow, flexible, telescopic camera (a gastroscope) lower the oesophagus, and in to the stomach and initial area of the small intestine (the duodenum). And so the name Oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy, or OGD for brief.
OGDs are carried out in patients to check on for conditions for example:
Gastritis (inflammation from the stomach lining)
Who is deserving of a gastroscopy?
Common indications to have an OGD include:
Diagnosis: persistent gastric pains, acid reflux, difficulty swallowing, upper gastrointestinal bleeding, inexplicable anemia, ulcers (gastric and duodenal), Barrett’s oesophagus.
Biopsy: eg. Following an abnormal barium meal or barium swallow examination.
Therapeutic: elimination of ingested foreign physiques, tamponade of bleeding oesophageal varices, feeding tube placement, injection/banding to prevent bleeding
Get yourself ready for the gastroscopy
You will have to make sure that your stomach is empty prior to the procedure. Generally, you’ll be requested to fast not less than 6-8 hrs preceding the gastroscope. Medications that you simply usually take, for example individuals for hypertension, ought to be ongoing. Check together with your physician in case you have any doubts.
Dentures, glasses and phone lenses, or no, must be removed. You can expect to get some type of sedation to help you much more comfortable.
You’ll be designed to mislead your affiliate with your mind bent slightly forward. An anaesthetic is going to be sprayed to numb the rear of your throat, thus lowering your urge to gag. Your physician will set a mouthguard over the teeth (to stop you from biting the scope) before putting the well lubricated gastroscope on to your teeth. Because the scope is led lightly lower your oesophagus and to your stomach, you’ll be requested to swallow. Attempt to relax and follow your doctor’s instructions. A nurse will normally perform hands to suck the surplus saliva out of your mouth.
When the gastroscope has arrived at your stomach, some air is going to be pumped directly into expand your stomach. You might experience slight fullness inside your stomach at this time. Your physician will go to check out the linings of the stomach and duodenum in sections to make sure that all surfaces happen to be examined. If there is an excuse for a biopsy to become taken, you can do this by passing a little instrument lower a side port from the gastroscope. Tissue samples may be delivered to the laboratory for testing to look for the nature from the tissue (ie if benign or malignant). Sometimes, testing for H. pylori infections will also be done.
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